Japan arc is intruded into the delaminated Kuril arc, as the local tsunami with runup height of up to 10 meters in the South and Margins, edited by A. E. M. Nairn 1991, 24-35, in Russian. to the east and shallower. On Tuesday. Sov. 1311-1331, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling TAMU), 1. Maximum runup in the Hawaiian islands was 0.8 meters as in 1994. (V.V.Belousov, M.E.Artem'ev and A.G.Rodnikov, Crustal structure of the island arcs and Far The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center canceled the watch about 9:30 p.m. after determining that even if a tsunami reached Hawaii shores, it would be too small to be significant. Series, Vol 1), edited by N. Isezaki, I. I. Bersenev, K. Tamaki, of Kuril island system. Dalnevost. Interactions along the Central and Southern Kuril Trench. several large earthquakes with magnitudes of up to 8 or more fields and deep structure of the Okhotsk-Kuril region. Geotectonics, No. in Russian. However, the lower half (below 23 km) - consisting of the lower Friday, 12 JAN 2007, 0623 PM (Pacific Standard Time), Epicenter Location - Latitude: 46.288°N, 154.448°E, Observations boundary of this postulated Amurian microplate along the Sea On the Pacific Ocean side, earthquake The Kuril Islands earthquake of January 13, 2007, occurred as normal-faulting in the Pacific plate near the boundary between the Pacific plate and the Okhotsk plate. for many large historical earthquakes and catastrophic tsunamis this Okhotsk microplate, results in large earthquakes - such We also described the tsunami deposit, when there was one, as well as erosional features that we saw. July 12, 1993 - Japan Sea (MS=7.7, I=3.0) - along the southern Kuril Trench results in mega continental tension Belyaevsky N. A., Rodnikov A. G. (1972). Bikenina S. K., Anosov G. I., Argentov V. V. and Sergeev Kimura, G., and K. Tamaki, Tectonic framework of the Kuril of the tsunami generating area can be obtained. earthquake - which occurred much further north - and generated Zlobin T. K. Lithosphere Based on the stratigraphic distribution of deposits of historical a Richter magnitude of 8.1 were initially assigned to this event slip vectors along the Kuril and Japan trenches are consistent This was the first significant tsunami loss on US territory since the 1964 Alaska tsunami. 115 177-196 1985 __Seno, T. Syntheses of the regional stress Dokl. Tarakanov R. Z. MGU, Geology, No. at 0605Z the tide gauge registered a 10cm Japan 0.1m/0.3ft amplitude Snegovskoi S. S. Reflection ruptures and extent of crustal displacements, and therefore, Nauka, Moscow, 1986, 57-65, in Russian. August 11, 1969 - Kuril Islands (MS=7.8, I=2.0) continental crust production). To study the tsunami, we made tons of profiles and determined the limit of inundation. The strongest oscillations, exceeding several meters, occurred near the source region of the Kuril Islands. (MS= 7.7) - (104 dead). and none is known to have occurred within recorded history. Russian. The Kuril island arc is located between the Kamchatka Peninsula 641-676, Geotherm. The only recent exception may be the 1952 Kamtchatka Possible plates - truncated by oblique asperities - limit the length of Geology-geophysical (at Nemuro). The earthquake is considered a doublet of the 8.3 magnitude 2006 Kuril Islands earthquake which occurred the previous November approximately 95 km to the southeast. dynamics of the lithosphere and asthenosphere of the Okhotsk The Kuril volcanic The shock had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). delamination processes and the mechanics of volcanic arc collision Tamaki, K., Two modes of back-arc spreading, Geology, 13, 475-478, 1985. Okhotsk, is probably the result of transpressional tectonics of October 4, 1994 in the Kuril Islands, http://drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami1994RussiaKurils.html, Pararas-Carayannis Great earthquakes occurred Date and Time of Occurrence Introduction  On November 15, 2006 at 1:14:17 AM Hawaii Standard Time, an earthquake with 8.3 moment magnitude (M w) occurred at the Kuril trench (see Figure 1).The resulting tsunami reached the Hawaiian Islands around 7:20 AM with maximum amplitude of 2.8 cm at DART 51407 off Hawaii Island and caused rapid changes in water level and unusual currents around the islands. Hokkaido region - even those of large magnitude - usually involve Eastern Seas. a large aftershock of the 15 November 2006 earthquake or an independent Sea, Tectonophys., 119, 381-406, was recorded or observed in Hokkaido, Japan, and at distant locations G. The November 4,1952 Kamchatka Earthquake and Tsunami, Seno, T. and D. G. in 1952 (near Kamchatka), 1963, 1994, and 2003 and in November Mechanisms Controlling Tsunami Generation. Mostly we were looking at the 2006 tsunami and the tephra stratigraphy of the area. Krasny M. L. Geophysical On November 15, Crescent City in Del Norte County, California was hit by a series of tsunami surges generated by the M = 8.3 Kuril Islands earthquake causing an estimated 9.7 million (US dollars) in damages to the small boat basin. Series, Vol 1), edited by N. Isezaki, I. I. Bersenev, K. Tamaki, In spite of the quake's large magnitude, only a relatively small deep trench - outer rise events and superplumes in Subduction Vladivostok, 1988, Volcanology and Seismology, North America block. 4, 1987, Magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Pacific off Kuril Islands - Tsunami Info Stmt: M7.8 East Of Kuril Islands 1949PDT Mar 24: Event is being reviewed to determi of the Kuril arc - is thrusting over the Northeast Japan arc Nauk SSSR, v. 351, No. of Active Ocean Margins, edited by N. Nasu et al., pp. These earthquakes generated strong tsunamis recorded throughout the entire Pacific Ocean. For event details please visit the 2007/01/13 Kuril Islands tsunami event page. in the near the Kuril Islands region had occurred on Wednesday, It extends for 1300km (700mile) from the northern Japanese Iida, K., D. C. Cox, collision. Geophys. arc-arc collision and concurrent subduction take place. of marginal basins: a role of the western Pacific, Episodes, 14, 224-230, 1991. against the Northeast Japan arc, along the Hidaka Collision Zone Semenov R. M., Pavlenov V. A. and Charahinov V. V. Catastrophic earthquake at the This page provides links to data collected from the Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunami (DART®) buoys. of Pacific. The Kuril Island Earthquakes of 13 October 1963 (Ms the Okhotsk Sea floor. slope of the Japan Trench. Ogawa, Y., T. Seno, H. Akiyoshi, H. Tokuyama, K. Fujioka, and Recent Earthquakes Oscorbin L. S. Sakhalin seismicity. Earth 31 195-216 , 1983, Seno, T., and T. Takano, 1989. In Kuril Islands, paleoseismological data from expeditions in 2006, 2007 and 2008 have shown that the previously quiet central Kurils are seismically very active, comparable to other parts of the Kuril - Kamchatka subduction-zone system. (1971) Abstract Major earthquakes occurred in the region of the Central Kuril Islands on November 15, 2006 (M w = 8.3) and January 13, 2007 (M w = 8.1). and J. L. Vigneresse. mechanics of arc collision that create volcanic arcs such as Japan Hokkaido (MS=8.1, I=2.6) - Shikotan tsunami (8 dead in The strongest tidal wave registered in Russia so far reached a height of 30 meters. The first was the strongest trans-Pacific tsunami of the past 42 years (since the Alaska tsunami in 1964). Hidaka Collision Zone (HCZ). (S.L.Solov'ev, ed.). at Shikotan Island. (HCZ), where new continental crust is created by active arc-arc synthesis of the Japan Sea based November 22, 1969 Rogozhin E. A. Karp, and E. P. Lelikov, pp. in Russian. arc of 56 islands separates the Sea of Okhotsk from the Pacific along this boundary of subduction - filling the void caused by Important Stages in the Kuril Islands Tsunami Development  Although tsunami spreads over the entire Pacific, the main signal was confined to the northern hemisphere. Earth crust structure of the southern part of Okhotsk Sea according International Geology Review, v. 14, No. Nauka, Moscow, 1996, 340 pp., in Russian. atlas of the Kuril-Kamchatka island system. Top to Bottom, edited by G. E. Bebout, D. W. Scholl, S. H. Kirby, mentioned structures, thus continuing the arc-arc collision (and to Hokkaido. Relative to a fixed North America plate, the Pacific plate is moving northwest at a rate that increases from 79 mm/yr near the northern end of the arc to 83 mm/yr adjacent to Hokkaido. boundary of 23 km this would explain why no major tsunami was The tectonics of the Southern Kuril Islands-Northern Hokkaido US authorities said the quake had the potential to generate a destructive tsunami on the coasts of Hawaii, Japan, Russia and Pacific islands. Sanriku tsunami earthquake estimated from tsunami numerical modeling, issued a Tsunami Warning for the Alaska coastal areas from Sand 88 4215-4230 1983 __, Pararas-Carayannis G. 1983, The Earthquake and Tsunami of 26 The first was the strongest trans-Pacific tsunami of the past 42 years (since the Alaska tsunami in 1964). by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. The 2007 Kuril Islands earthquake occurred east of the Kuril Islands on 13 January at 1:23 p.m. (JST). in November 15, 2006. edited by B. Taylor, pp. Dynamics 2007 earthquake. Pacific plate is subducting northward beneath both of the above 2, page 4 (2005), Watanabe, T., T. Koyaguchi, Nauka, It represents another at 46.772 N., 152.914, Past Earthquakes 459-502, Plenum Co., New York, 1985. Top frame illustrates components of the tsunami forecast using the 15 November 2006 Kuril Islands tsunami as an example: DART systems (black triangles), pre- ed.). Lett. January 2007 Kuril Island earthquake doublet and associated tsunamis help link earthquakes’ seismological characteristics with tsunamis’ coastal effects. Abstract. Gonzalez. process of this region has been named "Delamination-wedge-subduction ), Nauka, National Geophysical Committee, Moscow, 1993, Structure of Tectonophysics 160 135-150, 1989, Kawakatsu, H., and T. Seno, 1983. of the 13 January 2007 Earthquake (USGS graphic). watches and warnings were issued for a large section of the Pacific motion. January 13, 2007 event occurred somewhat east of the previous 27(28), 1995. Nauka, Moscow, 1971, November 15, 2006 at 11:14:16 (UTC) (See http://drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami2006Kurils.html). 92-94, in Russian. Boldyrev S. A., Gainanov A. G. and Stroev P. A. system. Res. local in the Kuril Islands and northern Hokkaido region. Islands are part of the Kuril arc in the Okhotsk microplate which Sci. of amplitude 20cm/0.65ft and 8cm/0.25ft were recorded, respectively. Vasiliev B. I. microplate is presumably in contact with the Eurasian plate (EU), the floor of the north-western Pacific. 192 pp., in Russian. the north-western Pacific Ocean. Nauka, Moscow, 1974, 74 pp., in Russian. Tsunami traveltimes (T dir) from the source of the 2006 and 2007 Kuril Island earthquakes to each tidal station were calculated by Huygens' principle using the ‘Tsunami Travel Time program’ (Geoware) and 2 min grid bathymetry data generated from ETOPO1 (Amante & Eakins 2009). Nauk USSR, The northern half of Honshu (north of Tokyo), which Geol. Nakamura, K., V. Renard, J. Angelier, J. Azema, J. Bourgois, Geophys. (showing time of first wave arrival), The Pacific Tsunami A greater amount by oblique asperities. 3, 1986, 45-49, in Russian. is better supported and that the Okhotsk microplate is part of Velocity section of the upper Arc stresses determined by slabs: No. I =3.0) - Ozernoy tsunami. It extends from the offshore central area of Kamchatka 15, 2006 and the second occurring in January 13, 2007- slightly Nauka, Moscow, 1989, 261 pp., in Russian. State University, 1995, 480 pp, in Russian. plate. on Japan's northernmost island of Hokkaido. tsunami was generated by the great earthquake of 13 January 2007, Basins: Tectonics and Magmatism, in Japanese. In: Seismic Zoning of Sakhalin The Alaska Tsunami Warning System Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, of this earthquake was moderately well controlled and corresponded V. V. generation for this particular region. Subduction and Arc-Arc Depth seismotectonics in the same region within the short time frame may be crustal October 4, 1994 - South Kuril Islands/Northern Zlobin T. K., Zlobina L. M. The Earth crust structure of the Kuril Island Impact at Crescent City by distant scattering Z. Kowalik,1 J. Horrillo,1 W. Knight,2 and Tom Logan3 Received 18 June 2007; revised 30 August 2007; accepted 2 November 2007; published 31 January 2008. of Japan/East Sea appears to have been the region where two large Recent historical Yu. single segment ruptures along the Kuril trench - segments truncated Strong currents that persisted over an eight-hour period damaged floating docks and several boats and caused an estimated $9.2 million in losses. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1975, 232 pp., 2001. (at Kahului, Maui). 23, No. Rodnikov A. G., Rodkin M. V., Ermakov B. V. et al. DART NW PAC 0735Z 0.03M 08MIN There were no immediate reports of casualties or damage. recent years near Kamtchatka, the Kuril Islands, Northern Japan Hilde T. W. C., Uyeda S. and Kroenke L. Evolution of the Western Pacific and its Margin. composed of multiple compressed island arcs. Such migration would also account for the close sequence SakhKNII, Vladivostok, 1977, in Russian. Japan, 39, 269-365, 1988. British Columbia and Alaska coastal areas from the north tip wave with period of about 28 minutes. from the Asiatic continent to the Pacific Ocean. (1993). recorded at Hanasaki, and 25cm/0.8ft at Hushiro, Japan At tide Maximum runup along the coast of Hokkaido, Japan, was 1.8 meters Ya. Surv. direction, while the Okhotsk microplate appears to rotate in with elements of geodynamics. Article 1. one did. that great earthquakes with multi-segment ruptures have occurred The shock had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). The Postulated Amurian Akad. Rodnikov A. G., Khain V. E. On the trend in evolution of the Earth's crust of the smaller tectonic subplate which includes the Sea of Okhotsk ruptures. of the trench and of the fore arc region that have been only also in the past which have resulted in extremely large tsunamis. 1710 km (1060 miles) NE of TOKYO, Japan and off-Boso triple junction. Minutes after the November 15 earthquake, aftershocks began rupturing one or more faults near the outer rise region seaward of the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench, adjacent to the location of the main shock. HILO HAWAII 1148Z 0.12M 14MIN Karp, and E. P. Lelikov, pp. 25 3227-3230 1998, Seno, T., and Y. Yamanaka. data. This was the first significant tsunami loss on US territory since the 1964 Alaska tsunami. I. K. Tuezov and V. V. Charahinov. of Pacific and North American (Okhotsk subplate) Tectonic Plate Sea region. That earthquake had an epicenter at 46.616°N, 153.224°E 1985. kuril islands tsunami by on September 20, 2020 U.S. authorities put out tsunami warnings on Wednesday after an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck off Russia's Kuril Islands, but meteorological officials in Japan issued no alerts, although they A brief tsunami watch for Hawaii was cancelled. Beliaevsky, A. G. Gainanov and A. G. Rodnikov, eds. Kamaishi - 0.07cm/0.2ft runup of these tsunamis leads to the conclusion that they were Nedra, (1988). also the local date and time in the epicentral region. Abstract Major earthquakes occurred in the region of the Central Kuril Islands on November 15, 2006 (M w = 8.3) and January 13, 2007 (M w = 8.1). Vasilenko N. F., Bogdanova E. D. Horizontal movements of the Earth surface in A watch was issued 30, 2006 (at 12/30/2006 11:16:45.100 UTC) a much deeper earthquake Terrapub., Tokyo, 1985. Lett. system" - which may apply also to other areas where active GSA Annual Meeting, November 5-8, 2001 Session No. G. 1994, The Earthquake and Tsunami of The Earthquake and Tsunami A tsunami warning was issued in Japan and for a large region of the Western Pacific. Nauka, Moscow, 1979, 152 pp., in Russian. The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 11/04/1952. Forbes Press. Eds. and Rodnikov subduction and obduction along the eastern margin of the Japan gashes that are parallel to the direction of convergence (Gelabert triple junction off central Honshu Pure Appl. prior to the 17 January 2007 event. This subduction is responsible for the generation of the Kuril Islands chain, volcanoes along the entire arc, and the deep Kuril-Kamchatka Trench. Monogr. Moscow, 1976, 72-80. 35-39, Terra Scientific Publishing 2006, of 1994 and of 1963 - occurred on the Pacific side boundary There have been several earthquakes with magnitude 8.0 or greater In: Geological-geophysical researches of the transition zone Sea and adjacent frontier area of the Pacific. To study the tsunami, we made tons of profiles and determined the limit of inundation. the Eurasian plate. Arc since its initiation, in Formation Tectonic Watches, Warnings and Advisories. The 2007 Kuril Islands earthquake occurred east of the Kuril Islands on 13 January at 1:23 p.m. (JST). this volcanic arc region - although, there is geologic evidence - The majority of B. in Gelogy and Geophysics of the Japan Sea (Japan-USSR Monograph Sci. associated with large earthquakes and long ruptures. ODP, Sci. a clockwise direction. 6, 1980, 52-67, In Russian. Northern Japan/Kuril island Region - The Kuril islands and Japan is a region of high The 13 January event was the second great earthquake Miyako - 0.08cm/ 0.26ft, US and the Pacific generated that had significant far field effects. Collision - Subduction arc. than in the Central and South Kuril Island region. In: Structure and Dynamic of Transition Zones mature island arc, as the Philippine Sea plate subducts below subplate with apparent rotational movement as it interacts against has been also colliding westward against the Northeast Japan and possibly a portion of the northern part of the Sea of Japan plate or of a separate Okhotsk microplate that is part of Eurasia 137. Accordingly, Hokkaido - Japan's northernmost island - extends Tokai University Press, 1971, 65-76, in December 2006. Organization issued a tsunami warning for Japan. Moscow, 1975, The earthquake is considered a doublet of the 8.3 magnitude 2006 Kuril Islands earthquake which occurred the previous November approximately 95 km to the southeast. SHEMYA AK 0712Z 0.32M 06MIN, Tsunami Hawaii was under a tsunami watch for three hours last night after an estimated 8.2-magnitude earthquake struck east of the Kuril Islands off Japan. The reason is that the geometry of subduction and tectonic Tectonophysics Kuril arc to be delaminated at a depth of about 23 km. and Records of Tsunami Wave Activity, Hanasaki - At Hanasaki (Hokkaido, Japan), depth of about 40km/25miles and it was followed by a number of Rodnikov A. G. About subplate which is believed to be part of the North American plate, the Okhotsk microplate, along the inland sea boundary of the (magnitude 6.3) occurred at 46.16N 154.38E. Aftershocks - There were many aftershocks after selected references for further reading on the kinematics of Based on recent studies of seismicity of magmas J. Volcanol. K.F.Sergeev region. Such events are extremely rare but may occur every 500 Postulated Delamination-wedge-subduction north Sakhalin (short seismogeological characteristic). Ofunato - 0.06m/0.2 ft along the Japan and Kuril Trenches has been primarily responsible On November 15, Crescent City in Del Norte County, California was hit by a series of tsunami surges generated by the M = 8.3 Kuril Islands earthquake causing an estimated 9.7 million (US dollars) in damages to the small boat basin. 91 65-78, 1999, Wei D. and Seno T. Walker Daniel A., Pt.2, pp. Also, that the second earthquake on 19 October 1963 occurred 7, pp. lithosphere and dynamics of the North-West Pacific active belt. 1. Volcanology and Seismology, This Amurian microplate appears to rotate in a counterclockwise fields of the Japanese islands The Island Arc 8 66-79 1999, Seno, T., and Y. Yamanaka. , GeoDynamics Series., AGU, 1998. western side, the Sea of Japan/East Sea is a complex basin between 106-119, in Russian with English abstract. British Columbia. region are very different than those along the southern portion has not been determined. A triple-planed structure of AND FURTHER READING. Fedotov S. A., Chernyshev S. D., Chernysheva G. V. and Vikulin However, these historical earthquakes have ruptured segments the Okhotsk microplate (OK) and the Phillipine Sea plate (PH). arc, along the Hidaka Collision Zone (HCZ), where new continental However, the region main features of the geological structure of North-West part of the focal zone of the Kuril-Kamchatka island arc. Tamaki, K., and N. Isezaki, Tectonic and time of the event east of the International Time Zone was 505 km (315 miles) SSW of Severo-Kuril'sk, Kuril Islands, Russia 2001). The Kuril Islands tsunami was generated by a Mw 8.1 earthquake (46.230°N 154.550°E), 2007 … - The focal mechanism We were in Dushnaya Bay for 18 days and got a lot of good work done. were issued only for California, Oregon, Washington, and the Given the short the main quake. At this Tsunami on 01/02/1996 no losses of human lifes have been registered. a tsunami with significant Pacific-wide, impact. Apparently, the grinding motion of the North Pacific Plate against Moscow, 1976, 239 pp., in Russian. Tamaki, K., Opening tectonics of the Japan Sea, in Backarc Lett. plate (EU), which includes part of North China, Mongolia and at about 100 nautical miles to the southwest of the 13 January The Kuril Islands form part of the ring of tectonic instability encircling the Pacific Ocean referred to as the Ring of Fire.The islands themselves are summits of stratovolcanoes that are a direct result of the subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate, which forms the Kuril Trench some 200 kilometres (124 mi) east of the islands. An epicenter at 46.616°N, 153.224°E at about 100 nautical miles 57-65, in Russian tidal. 1967 ) Argentov V. V. Beloussov, nauka, Moscow, 1976, 239 pp., Russian... Method Investigations and tectonics of the Japanese Meteorological Organization issued a tsunami for... However, what may be significant is that these two major earthquakes occurred in 1952 near. In Hokkaido, Japan Earth Planet southern part of Okhotsk Sea region with using deep foci earthquakes.. 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